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Triethanol Amine APPEARANCE

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HOME >> Agro Chemicals >> Triethanol Amine

Triethanol Amine
CAS NO. 102-71-6

FORMULA (CH2CH2OH)3N

PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION

TRIETHANOL AMINE
EINECS NO. 203-049-8
FORMULA (CH2CH2OH)3N
MOL WT. 149.19
H.S. CODE
TOXICITY
Oral rat: LD50: 4920 uL/kg
SYNONYMS 2,2,2-Trihydroxytriethylamine; TEA;
2,2',2''-Nitrilotriethanol; Triethanolamin; Tris(beta-hydroxyethyl)amine; Trolamine; Daltogen; Nitrilotriethanol; Sterolamide; Tri(hydroxyethyl)amine; Triethanolamin; Tris(2-hydroxyethyl)amine; 2,2',2''-Nitrilotriethanol; 2,2',2''-Nitrilotris(ethanol); Nitrilo-2,2',2"-triethanol; 2,2,2-Nitrilotriethanol; 2,2',2"-Nitrilotriethanol; Nitrilo-2,2',2''-triethanol; 2,2',2''-trihydroxy Triethylamine; Triethylolamine; Trihydroxytriethylamine; Tris(beta-hydroxyethyl)amine;

DERIVATION CLASSIFICATION

PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
PHYSICAL STATE clear liquid
MELTING POINT 21 - 22 C
BOILING POINT

360 C (Decomposes)
SPECIFIC GRAVITY 1.123 - 1.127
SOLUBILITY IN WATER miscible
pH 10.5
VAPOR DENSITY 5.2
AUTOIGNITION
NFPA RATINGS
Health: 2 ; Flammability: 2; Reactivity: 0
REFRACTIVE INDEX
1.4852
FLASH POINT
185 C
STABILITY Stable under ordinary conditions

GENERAL DESCRIPTION & APPLICATIONS

There are three ethanolamines called mono, di and tri-ethanolamine with formula (CH2CH2OH)NH2, (CH2CH2OH)2NH, and (CH2CH2OH)3N respectively. They are hygroscopic viscous liquid or semi-solid at room temperature. They are soluble in water, in alcohol and acetone, insoluble in ether and benzene;

They are corrosive with a characteristic ammonia-like odor. their colors range from almost colorless to amber depending on purity. These substances decompose on heating and produce toxic and corrosive gases including nitrogen oxides. They are medium strongly basic and react with cellulose nitrate resulting in causing fire and explosion hazard. They react violently with strong acids and strong oxidants. Ethanolamines are produced from ethylene oxide reacted with ammonia. The principle product is monoethanolamine and secondary products of diethanolamine and triethanolamine are produced since ethylene oxide is reactive. They are the simplest members of the alkanolamine compounds. They have the physical and chemical characteristics of both alcohols and amines in one molecule. Ethanolamines stuctures are widely found in antihistamine drugs. In industrial field, monoethanolamine is an important raw material in the production of ethylenediamine. Ethanolamines are used as gas-scrubber in refinery and natural gas operations. They are widely used in the field of:

* Gas-scrubber
o Natural and refinery gas operations
o Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and CO2 gas removal
* Textile Operation
o Softeners
o Lubricants
o Dye Leveling Agents
o Dispersants
o Durable Press
o Optical Brighteners
* Surfactants and Metalworking fluids
o Impart alkalinity
o Detergents
o Cosmetic formulations
o Acid neutralization
o Fatty acid soaps
o Emulsifiers
o Corrosion Inhibitors
* Others
o Concrete additives
o Cement admixtrue
o Urethane foams
o Agricultural products
o Photographic chemicals
o Biocides
o Oil well chemicals
o Rubber vulcanization accelerators
o Plasticizers

APPEARANCE

clear liquid
ASSAY 99.0% min

COLOR, APHA
50 max
MOISTURE
0.3% max

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Triethanol Amine

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