Chemicals List 1 >> Ethylamine
Synonyms: monoethylamine, aminoethane, ethanamine Use: synthetic
reagent in the preparation of a wide variety of products
Molecular formula: C2H7N
SPECIFIC VOLUME 8.60 ft3 / lb
CAS No: 75-04-7
EC No: 200-834-7
EU No: 612-002-00-4
Appearance: light yellow liquid
Melting point: -81 C
Boiling point: 17 C
Density (g cm-3): 0.689
Flash point: -17 C
Explosion limits: 3.5 - 14%
Autoignition temperature: 385 C
Water solubility: high
Ethylamine is an organic compound with the formula CH3CH2NH2. This
colourless gas has a strong ammonia-like odor. It is miscible with
virtually all solvents and is considered to be a weak base, as is
typical for amines. Ethylamine is widely used in chemical industry
and organic synthesis.
Stable. Highly flammable. Incompatible with oxidizing agents, alkali
metals, alkaline earth metals, acids, many reactive organic and
inorganic compounds. Reacts with or disssolves most types of paint,
plastic and rubber.
Skin, eye and respiratory irritant. Corrosive - may cause burns to
the eye. Harmful if swallowed or inhaled. Very destructive of mucous
membranes. Typical STEL 20 ppm.
ORL-RAT LDLO 400 mg kg-1
IHL-RAT LCLO 23000 ppm/4h
SKN-RBT LD50 390 mg kg-1
IVN-RBT LDLO 350 mg kg-1Risk phrases R12 R20 R22 R34 R36 R37 R38.
Safety glasses, good ventilation, butyl rubber gloves.
PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:
COLOURLESS COMPRESSED LIQUEFIED GAS , WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.
The gas is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant
The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic gases including
nitrogen oxides. The solution in water is a strong base, it reacts
violently with acid and is corrosive. Reacts violently with acid,
strong oxidants and organic compounds causing fire and explosion
hazard. Attacks many non-ferrous metals and plastics.
OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS
TLV: 5 ppm; 9.2 mg/m3 (as TWA) (ACGIH 1993-1994).
TLV (as STEL): 15 ppm; 27.6 mg/m3 (ACGIH 1993-1994).
ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:
The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through
the skin and by ingestion.
A harmful concentration of this gas in the air will be reached very
quickly on loss of containment.
EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:
The substance severely irritates the eyes, the skin and the
EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:
The substance may have effects on the kidneys and lungs , resulting
in tissue lesions.
This substance may be hazardous to the environment; special
attention should be given to fish.
Ethylamine is also supplied commercially in the form of 70% aqueous
solution (UN number: 2270). Turn leaking cylinder with the leak up
to prevent escape of gas in liquid state.
Ethylamine is a chemical used mainly in the manufacture of dyes,
rayon, rocket propellant, as a fuel additive and in leather-tanning
and cellulose treatment. Ingestion and other exposures to the
chemical can cause various symptoms.
The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of
chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.
Notification: These chemicals are designated as those that are
used in the manufacture of the controlled substances and are
important to the manufacture of the substances. For any (Control
Substance) products Import and Export *** subjected to your
country government laws /control substance ACT.
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