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Ethylamine CAS No: 75-04-7

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HOME >> Chemicals >> Chemicals List 1 >> Ethylamine

Ethylamine

CAS number

Ethylamine formula CH3CH2NH2.

General


Synonyms: monoethylamine, aminoethane, ethanamine Use: synthetic reagent in the preparation of a wide variety of products
Molecular formula: C2H7N

colourless gas MOLECULAR WEIGHT 45.085
SPECIFIC VOLUME 8.60 ft3 / lb
CAS No: 75-04-7
EC No: 200-834-7
EU No: 612-002-00-4

Physical data

Appearance: light yellow liquid
Melting point: -81 C
Boiling point: 17 C
Density (g cm-3): 0.689
Flash point: -17 C
Explosion limits: 3.5 - 14%
Autoignition temperature: 385 C
Water solubility: high

Ethylamine is an organic compound with the formula CH3CH2NH2. This colourless gas has a strong ammonia-like odor. It is miscible with virtually all solvents and is considered to be a weak base, as is typical for amines. Ethylamine is widely used in chemical industry and organic synthesis.

Stability

Stable. Highly flammable. Incompatible with oxidizing agents, alkali metals, alkaline earth metals, acids, many reactive organic and inorganic compounds. Reacts with or disssolves most types of paint, plastic and rubber.

Toxicology

Skin, eye and respiratory irritant. Corrosive - may cause burns to the eye. Harmful if swallowed or inhaled. Very destructive of mucous membranes. Typical STEL 20 ppm.

ORL-RAT LDLO 400 mg kg-1
IHL-RAT LCLO 23000 ppm/4h
SKN-RBT LD50 390 mg kg-1
IVN-RBT LDLO 350 mg kg-1Risk phrases R12 R20 R22 R34 R36 R37 R38.

Personal protection

Safety glasses, good ventilation, butyl rubber gloves.

STORAGE

Fireproof. Cool.

PHYSICAL STATE; APPEARANCE:


COLOURLESS COMPRESSED LIQUEFIED GAS , WITH PUNGENT ODOUR.

PHYSICAL DANGERS:

The gas is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible.

CHEMICAL DANGERS:

The substance decomposes on heating producing toxic gases including nitrogen oxides. The solution in water is a strong base, it reacts violently with acid and is corrosive. Reacts violently with acid, strong oxidants and organic compounds causing fire and explosion hazard. Attacks many non-ferrous metals and plastics.

OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS

TLV: 5 ppm; 9.2 mg/m3 (as TWA) (ACGIH 1993-1994).
TLV (as STEL): 15 ppm; 27.6 mg/m3 (ACGIH 1993-1994).

ROUTES OF EXPOSURE:

The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation, through the skin and by ingestion.

INHALATION RISK:

A harmful concentration of this gas in the air will be reached very quickly on loss of containment.

EFFECTS OF SHORT-TERM EXPOSURE:

The substance severely irritates the eyes, the skin and the respiratory tract.

EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM OR REPEATED EXPOSURE:

The substance may have effects on the kidneys and lungs , resulting in tissue lesions.

ENVIRONMENTAL DATA

This substance may be hazardous to the environment; special attention should be given to fish.

Ethylamine is also supplied commercially in the form of 70% aqueous solution (UN number: 2270). Turn leaking cylinder with the leak up to prevent escape of gas in liquid state.

Ethylamine is a chemical used mainly in the manufacture of dyes, rayon, rocket propellant, as a fuel additive and in leather-tanning and cellulose treatment. Ingestion and other exposures to the chemical can cause various symptoms.

The type and severity of symptoms varies depending on the amount of chemical involved and the nature of the exposure.

 

Note /Government Notification: These chemicals are designated as those that are used in the manufacture of the controlled substances and are important to the manufacture of the substances. For any (Control Substance) products Import and Export *** subjected to your country government laws /control substance ACT.
Information: The information on this web page is provided to help you to work safely, but it is intended to be an overview of hazards, not a replacement for a full Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). MSDS forms can be downloaded from the web sites of many chemical suppliers. ,also that the information on the PTCL Safety web site, where this page was hosted, has been copied onto many other sites, often without permission. If you have any doubts about the veracity of the information that you are viewing, or have any queries, please check the URL that your web browser displays for this page. If the URL begins "www.tajapi.com/www/Denatonium Benzoate.htm/" the page is maintained by the Safety Officer in Physical Chemistry at Oxford University. If not, this page is a copy made by some other person and we have no responsibility for it.
The Controlled Substances Act (CSA) was enacted into law by the Congress of the United States as Title II of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970.[1] The CSA is the federal U.S. drug policy under which the manufacture, importation, possession, use and distribution of certain substances is regulated. The Act also served as the national implementing legislation for the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs

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