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CAS number 15687-27-1
WARNING: This drug may infrequently cause serious (rarely fatal)
bleeding from the stomach or intestines. Also, related drugs rarely have
caused blood clots to form, resulting in heart attacks and strokes. This
medication might also rarely cause similar problems. Talk to your doctor or
pharmacist about the benefits and risks of treatment, as well as other
possible medication choices.
USES: Ibuprofen is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID),
which relieves pain and swelling (inflammation). It is used to treat
headaches, muscle aches, backaches, dental pain, menstrual cramps,
arthritis, or athletic injuries. This medication is also used to reduce
fever and to relieve minor aches and pains due to the common cold or flu.
This drug works by blocking the enzyme in your body that makes
prostaglandins. Decreasing prostaglandins helps to reduce pain, swelling,
HOW TO USE: Take this medication by mouth with a full glass (8 ounces
or 240 milliliters) of water unless your doctor directs you otherwise. Do
not lie down for at least 30 minutes after taking this drug.
If stomach upset occurs while taking this medication, take it with food,
milk, or an antacid. The dosage is based on your medical condition and
response to therapy. If repeat doses are needed, they are usually given 6 or
8 hours apart; or as directed by your doctor.
When ibuprofen is used in children, the dose is based on your child's
weight. Read the product instructions to find the appropriate dose for your
child's weight. Consult the pharmacist or doctor if you have questions or if
you need help in choosing the appropriate dosage form.
In certain conditions (e.g., arthritis), it may take up to two weeks, taken
regularly, before the full benefits of this drug take effect.
For nonprescription ibuprofen products: If you are treating yourself or
giving this medication to a child for undiagnosed fever or pain, consult the
doctor immediately if symptoms do not improve within 24 hours, worsen or
last for more than 3 days, or if new symptoms appear. To reduce your risk of
stomach bleeding and other side effects, take this medication at the lowest
effective dose for the shortest possible time. Do not increase your dose,
take it more frequently, or take it for a longer time than prescribed.
SIDE EFFECTS: Upset stomach, nausea, vomiting, heartburn, headache,
diarrhea, constipation, drowsiness, and dizziness may occur. If any of these
effects persist or worsen, notify your doctor or pharmacist promptly.
Tell your doctor immediately if any of these unlikely but serious side
effects occur: vision changes, rapid or pounding heartbeat, easy bruising or
bleeding, difficult/painful swallowing.
Tell your doctor immediately if any of these highly unlikely but very
serious side effects occur: change in amount of urine, severe headache, very
stiff neck, mental/mood changes, persistent sore throat or fever.
This drug may rarely cause serious (possibly fatal) liver disease. If you
notice any of the following highly unlikely but very serious side effects,
stop taking ibuprofen and consult your doctor or pharmacist immediately:
yellowing eyes and skin, dark urine, unusual/extreme tiredness. An allergic
reaction to this drug is unlikely, but seek immediate medical attention if
it occurs. Symptoms of an allergic reaction include: rash, itching,
swelling, severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
PRECAUTIONS: This medication should not be used if you have certain
medical conditions. Before using this medicine, consult your doctor or
pharmacist if you have: severe kidney disease, aspirin-sensitive asthma (a
history of worsening breathing with runny/stuffy nose after taking aspirin
or other NSAIDs), recent heart bypass surgery (CABG).
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical
history, especially of: kidney disease, liver disease, poorly controlled
diabetes, stomach/intestine/esophagus problems (e.g., bleeding, ulcers,
recurring heartburn), heart disease (e.g., congestive heart failure, history
of heart attack), high blood pressure, stroke, swelling (edema, fluid
retention), dehydration, blood disorders (e.g., anemia), bleeding or
clotting problems, asthma, growths in the nose (nasal polyps), history of an
allergic reaction with symptoms of lip/tongue/throat swelling (angioedema),
any allergies in addition to those listed above.
MISSED DOSE: If you are prescribed this drug on a regular schedule
(not just "as needed") and you miss a dose, use it as soon as you remember.
If it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose and resume
your usual dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to catch up.
STORAGE: Store at room temperature between 59 and 86 degrees F (15-30
degrees C) away from light and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep
all medicines away from children and pets.