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Ephedrine Hydrochloride USP

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HOME >> API >> Ephedrine Hydrochloride USP




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Ephedrine Hydrochloride USP pdf api
Molecular Formula : C10H15NO. HCl

Molecular Formula :                 C10H15NO. HCl

Molecular Weight :                   201.69

CAS No. :                                  [50-98-6]

Chemical Name :

          1. Benzenemethanol, -[1-(methylamino)ethyl]-, hydrochloride [R-(R*,S* )], salt
          2. (1R,2S)-2-Methylamino-1-phenyl propan-1-ol Hydrochloride

Specifications :
1. Description : Colourless crystals or white crystalline powder
2. Identification : a) Infrared spectrum of sample is concordant with the reference spectrum.
b) A solution of sample respond to the test for chloride.
3. Solubility : Freely soluble in water and soluble in alcohol.
4. Melting range : Between 217 and 220C; the range between beginning and end of melting does not exceed 2C
5. Specific rotation : Between - 33.0 and - 35.5 ( 5 % solution in water )
6. Acidity & alkalinity : NMT 0.10 ml of 0.02 N H2SO4 or NMT 0.20 ml of 0.02 N
NaOH solution
7. Sulfate : Must pass the test. No turbidity develops within 10 min.
8. Ordinary impurities : NMT 2.0 %
9. Residue on ignition : NMT 0.1 %
10. Loss on drying : NMT 0.5 %
11. Organic volatile impurities : Must pass the test
12. Assay : Between 98.0 % and 100.5 % ( dried basis )

Therapeutic indications :  Bronchodilator

Packing :                Packed in double lined polyethylene bags in 25 kg fiber drums.

Storage :                Store below 35C.

Ephedrine  ChemistryEphedrine (EPH) is a sympathomimetic amine commonly used as a stimulant, appetite suppressant, concentration aid, decongestant, and to treat hypotension associated with anaesthesia. Ephedrine is similar in structure to the synthetic derivatives amphetamine and methamphetamine. Chemically, it is an alkaloid derived from various plants in the genus Ephedra (family Ephedraceae). It is most usually marketed in the hydrochloride and sulfate forms.

Chemistry

Ephedrine exhibits optical isomerism and has two chiral centres. By convention the enantiomers with opposite stereochemistry around the chiral centres are designated ephedrine, while pseudoephedrine has same stereochemistry around the chiral carbons. That is, (1R,2R)- and (1S,2S)-enantiomers are designated pseudoephedrine; while (1R,2S)- and (1S,2R)-enantiomers are designated ephedrine.

The isomer which is marketed is (-)-(1R,2S)-ephedrine.
As with other phenylethylamines, it is also somewhat chemically similar to methamphetamine, although the amphetamines are more potent and have additional biological effects.

These terms are used to refer to the same substance derived from the plant Ephedra. (There are many common names for these evergreen plants, including squaw tea and Mormon tea.) Ephedra is a shrub-like plant that is found in desert regions in central Asia and other parts of the world. The dried greens of the plant are used medicinally. Ephedra is a stimulant containing the herbal form of ephedrine, an FDA-regulated drug found in over-the-counter asthma medications.

In the United States, ephedra and ephedrine are sold in health food stores under a variety of brand names. Ephedrine is widely used for weight loss, as an energy booster, and to enhance athletic performance. These products often contain other stimulants, such as caffeine, which may have synergistic effects and increase the potential for adverse effects. Ephedra is often touted as the "herbal fen-phen."

Ephedra's main active medical ingredients are the alkaloids ephedrine and pseudoephedrine. The ephedras also contain various tannins and related chemicals.The stem contains 1-3% total alkaloids, with ephedrine accounting for 30-90% of this total. The concentrations of these alkaloids depends upon the particular species of ephedra used.

Clinical use
Ephedrine Sulphate (1932) Ephedrine Compound (1932) and Swan-Myers Ephedrine Inhalant No. 66 (ca. 1940)

Indications

In traditional Chinese medicine, ephedrine has been used in the treatment of asthma and bronchitis for centuries.

An ECA stack is a component found in thermogenic weight loss pills, composed of ephedrine, caffeine and aspirin (many supplement manufacturers include salicin instead of aspirin) working to speed up the metabolism and thus cause food energy to burn faster. The ECA stack is a popular supplement taken by body builders before workouts due to the increased amount of energy and alertness.

Recreational and illicit use

Anecdotal reports have suggested that ephedrine helps studying, thinking, or concentrating to a greater extent than caffeine. Some students and some white-collar workers have used ephedrine (or Ephedra-containing herbal supplements) for this purpose, as well as some professional athletes and weightlifters. It is common for many athletes to use stimulants while exercising. Such use of ephedrine has been associated with stimulant dependence, as well as deaths from heatstroke in athletes and circulatory problems such as aortic aneurysm in weightlifters, though these side effects are rare.As a phenylethylamine, ephedrine has a similar chemical structure to amphetamines. Ephedrine can be used in the synthesis of methamphetamine by chemical reduction; this has made ephedrine a highly sought-after chemical precursor in the illicit manufacture of methamphetamine. The most popular method for reducing ephedrine to methamphetamine is similar to the Birch reduction, in that it uses anhydrous ammonia and lithium metal in the reaction. The second most popular method uses red phosphorus, iodine, and ephedrine in the reaction.

Note: These API/ chemicals are designated as those that are used in the manufacture of the controlled substances and are important to the manufacture of the substances. For any (Control Substance) products Import and Export *** subjected to your country government laws /control substance ACT.

Note /Government Notification: These chemicals are designated as those that are used in the manufacture of the controlled substances and are important to the manufacture of the substances. For any (Control Substance) products Import and Export *** subjected to your country government laws /control substance ACT.
Information:  The information on this web page is provided to help you to work safely, but it is intended to be an overview of hazards, not a replacement for a full Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). MSDS forms can be downloaded from the web sites of many chemical suppliers. ,also that the information on the PTCL Safety web site, where this page was hosted, has been copied onto many other sites, often without permission. If you have any doubts about the veracity of the information that you are viewing, or have any queries, please check the URL that your web browser displays for this page. If the URL begins "www.tajapi.com/www/Denatonium Benzoate.htm/" the page is maintained by the Safety Officer in Physical Chemistry at Oxford University. If not, this page is a copy made by some other person and we have no responsibility for it.
The Controlled Substances Act (CSA) was enacted into law by the Congress of the United States as Title II of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970.[1] The CSA is the federal U.S. drug policy under which the manufacture, importation, possession, use and distribution of certain substances is regulated. The Act also served as the national implementing legislation for the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs.


Ephedra's main active medical ingredients are the alkaloids ephedrine and pseudoephedrine.

 
               
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Ephedrine  CAS No. : [50-98-6]

Also Available:
 
(l) - Ephedrine Sulphate [ 134 - 72 - 5 ]
(l) - Ephedrine Base Anhydrous [ 299 - 42 - 3 ]
(l) - Ephedrine Base Hemihydrate [ 50906 - 05 - 3 ]
(d) - Ephedrine Hydrochloride [ 24221 - 86 - 1 ]
(d) - Ephedrine Base Hemihydrate [ 144429 - 10 - 7 ]
 


 


 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

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Ephedrine Hydrochloride USP

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