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Toluene

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Research Toluene chemicals






Regulatory Information

--------\Chemical Inventory Status - Part 1\---------------------------------
Ingredient TSCA EC Japan Australia
----------------------------------------------- ---- --- ----- ---------
Toluene (108-88-3) Yes Yes Yes Yes

--------\Chemical Inventory Status - Part 2\---------------------------------
--Canada--
Ingredient Korea DSL NDSL Phil.
----------------------------------------------- ----- --- ---- -----
Toluene (108-88-3) Yes Yes No Yes

--------\Federal, State & International Regulations - Part 1\----------------
-SARA 302- ------SARA 313------
Ingredient RQ TPQ List Chemical Catg.
----------------------------------------- --- ----- ---- --------------
Toluene (108-88-3) No No Yes No

--------\Federal, State & International Regulations - Part 2\----------------
-RCRA- -TSCA-
Ingredient CERCLA 261.33 8(d)
----------------------------------------- ------ ------ ------
Toluene (108-88-3) 1000 U220 No


Chemical Weapons Convention: No TSCA 12(b): No CDTA: Yes
SARA 311/312: Acute: Yes Chronic: Yes Fire: Yes Pressure: No
Reactivity: No (Pure / Liquid)

WARNING:
THIS PRODUCT CONTAINS A CHEMICAL(S) KNOWN TO THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA TO CAUSE BIRTH DEFECTS OR OTHER REPRODUCTIVE HARM.



































 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


    HOME >> Chemicals >> Toluene




Toluene
, also known as methylbenzene, or Toluol, is a clear water-insoluble liquid with the typical smell of paint thinners, reminiscent of the related compound benzene. It is an aromatic hydrocarbon that is widely used as an industrial feedstock and as a solvent. Like other solvents, toluene is also used as an inhalant drug for its intoxicating properties; however this causes severe  neurological harm.
                                                                                                                               
 Chemicals
 Toluene pdf api
Toluene CAS number 108-88-3   

Toluence Formula
Synonyms: Methylbenzene; Toluol; Phenylmethane
CAS No.: 108-88-3
Molecular Weight: 92.14
Chemical Formula: C6H5-CH3

Health Rating: 2 - Moderate (Life)
Flammability Rating: 3 - Severe (Flammable)
Reactivity Rating: 1 - Slight
Contact Rating: 3 - Severe (Life)
Lab Protective Equip: GOGGLES & SHIELD; LAB COAT & APRON; VENT HOOD; PROPER GLOVES; CLASS B EXTINGUISHER
Storage Color Code: Red (Flammable)

         Toluene chemicals
Properties

Synonyms: Methylbenzene; Toluol; Phenylmethane
CAS No.: 108-88-3
Molecular Weight: 92.14
Chemical Formula: C6H5-CH3
Molecular formula C7H8 (C6H5CH3)
Toluene CAS number 108-88-3




Appearance

Clear colorless, liquid
Density 0.8669 g/mL, liquid
Melting point −93 C
Boiling point 110.6 C
Solubility in water 0.47 g/l (20-25C)
Viscosity 0.590 cP at 20C
Structure Dipole moment 0.36 D
Hazards MSDS External MSDS


Toluene reacts as a normal aromatic hydrocarbon towards electrophilic aromatic substitution.The methyl group makes it around 25 times more reactive than benzene in such reactions.

It undergoes smooth sulfonation to give p-toluenesulfonic acid, and chlorination by Cl2 in the presence of FeCl3 to give ortho and para isomers of chlorotoluene.

It undergoes nitration to give ortho and para nitrotoluene isomers, but if heated it can give dinitrotoluene and ultimately the explosive trinitrotoluene

With other reagents the methyl side chain in toluene may react, undergoing oxidation. Reaction with potassium permanganate leads to benzoic acid, whereas reaction with chromyl chloride leads to benzaldehyde (tard reaction).

Halogenation can be performed under free radical conditions. For example, N-bromosuccinimide (NBS) heated with toluene in the presence of AIBN leads to benzyl bromide.

Catalytic hydrogenation of toluene to methylcyclohexane requires a high pressure of hydrogen to go to completion, because of the stability of the aromatic system. pKa is approximately 45.

Usage:

Toluene is an Aromatic chemical produced by Petroleum Refineries/ Petrochemical Plants. Steel plants produce Toluene from the by-product recovery plant where aromatics are recovered from the coke oven gas.

Toluene is used mainly in production of various downstream petrochemicals, pesticides, explosives (Tri-Nitro Toluene), Adhesives, Saccharins, etc. Besides Toluene finds a major end-use in paint industry as thinner. Toluene is also used as solvents in various chemical industries.

Toluene is a parent substance in the manufacture of benzene derivatives, caprolactam, saccharine, pharmaceuticals, dyes, perfumes, TNT and detergents. It is used in fuels (anti-knock additive) and as a solvent for paints and coatings, rubber, resins, thinners in nitrocellulose lacquers and adhesives.

It serves as a raw material in the manufacture of phenol (predominantly in Western Europe), benzene, cresol (chiefly Japan) and a wide range of other substances.

Toluene chemical is also known as phenyl-methane or methyl-benzene.

This chemical is transparent like pure water but not soluble in water. This has a smell like paint thinners and redolent of the sweet fragrance alike benzene compound.

Toluene chemicals belong to aromatic hydrocarbon group and are widely used as solvents and industrial feedstock. Further, these can be used as inhalant drugs for their intoxicating properties.

Hazards Identification

Health Rating: 2 - Moderate (Life)
Flammability Rating: 3 - Severe (Flammable)
Reactivity Rating: 1 - Slight
Contact Rating: 3 - Severe (Life)
Lab Protective Equip: GOGGLES & SHIELD; LAB COAT & APRON; VENT HOOD; PROPER GLOVES; CLASS B EXTINGUISHER
Storage Color Code: Red (Flammable)

Handling and Storage

Protect against physical damage. Store in a cool, dry well-ventilated location, away from any area where the fire hazard may be acute. Outside or detached storage is preferred. Separate from incompatibles.

Containers should be bonded and grounded for transfers to avoid static sparks. Storage and use areas should be No Smoking areas. Use non-sparking type tools and equipment, including explosion proof ventilation.

Containers of this material may be hazardous when empty since they retain product residues (vapors, liquid); observe all warnings and precautions listed for the product.

  Ingredient               CAS No         Percent     Hazardous                                  
  --------------------- ------------   ------------   ---------   
 
  Toluene                   108-88-3        100%          Yes      
 

Note /Government Notification: These chemicals are designated as those that are used in the manufacture of the controlled substances and are important to the manufacture of the substances. For any (Control Substance) products Import and Export *** subjected to your country government laws /control substance ACT.
Information: The information on this web page is provided to help you to work safely, but it is intended to be an overview of hazards, not a replacement for a full Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). MSDS forms can be downloaded from the web sites of many chemical suppliers. ,also that the information on the PTCL Safety web site, where this page was hosted, has been copied onto many other sites, often without permission. If you have any doubts about the veracity of the information that you are viewing, or have any queries, please check the URL that your web browser displays for this page. If the URL begins "www.tajapi.com/www/Denatonium Benzoate.htm/" the page is maintained by the Safety Officer in Physical Chemistry at Oxford University. If not, this page is a copy made by some other person and we have no responsibility for it.
The Controlled Substances Act (CSA) was enacted into law by the Congress of the United States as Title II of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970.[1] The CSA is the federal U.S. drug policy under which the manufacture, importation, possession, use and distribution of certain substances is regulated. The Act also served as the national implementing legislation for the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs

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Emergency Overview
--------------------------
POISON! DANGER! HARMFUL OR FATAL IF SWALLOWED. HARMFUL IF INHALED OR ABSORBED THROUGH SKIN. VAPOR HARMFUL. FLAMMABLE LIQUID AND VAPOR. MAY AFFECT LIVER, KIDNEYS, BLOOD SYSTEM, OR CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. CAUSES IRRITATION TO SKIN, EYES AND RESPIRATORY TRACT.

 

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